What is an IRA Rollover?
A rollover allows you to take a lump-sum distribution from your former employer’s qualified retirement plan, such as a 401(k) or 403(b), and transfer it directly to another tax-deferred retirement plan account. One such retirement plan account is an IRA rollover.
Rolling over plan assets to an IRA rather than keeping assets in a previous employer’s plan or rolling over to a new employer’s plan should reflect consideration of various factors, the importance of which will depend on your individual needs and circumstances.
Options for your assets
You have a variety of alternatives available to you with regard to the assets in your employer’s plan. What you choose will depend on your previous employer’s plan document, your specific needs, and the advice of your tax advisor. The following chart describes distribution options available under current regulations.
in your former employer’s plan.
|If your balance meets current governmental limits and plan provisions, you may leave the assets in the current plan. Employer retains responsibility for selecting investments available to you. Distribution options are controlled by the Plan Document.|
|Keep/spend your distribution from the qualified employer plan.||20% of the taxable portion of the amount will be withheld immediately and paid to the IRS at the time of withdrawal. You will be subject to federal (and state) income taxes on the taxable portion of the amount distributed, plus a 10% penalty for early withdrawal may apply if you are under age 55 when you retire or terminate service.* The amount of the distribution may increase your Modified Adjusted Gross Income (MAGI) to a threshold that imposes an additional 3.8% Medicare tax on certain investment income. Certain other penalty exceptions may apply.|
|Receive your distribution and deposit it into an IRA rollover.||Lump-sum distributions may be deposited into an IRA rollover account within 60 days of distribution. Expect an immediate 20% tax withholding paid to the IRS on the taxable portion of the amount. The 20% shortfall must be made up from your own pocket to fulfill the entire rollover amount. Otherwise, the 20% amount withheld will be subject to income taxes and possible penalty taxes.*|
|Transfer your distribution directly into your new employer’s plan or an IRA rollover.||Instead of receiving a lump-sum distribution from your retirement plan, your previous employer can transfer your distribution directly to a rollover IRA or to your new employer’s retirement plan, if the plan document includes this option. This allows you to avoid the 20% tax withholding and early withdrawal penalties, and you will defer income taxes on the distribution until you make withdrawals from the IRA or new employer’s plan.|
* If you are between the ages of 55 and 59½ talk to your tax advisor about early withdrawal penalties, and potential exceptions.
IRA Rollover Benefits
An IRA rollover offers:
- No Current Income Taxes – You avoid current income taxes, including a mandatory 20% income tax withholding and possibly a 10% excise tax penalty, when you transfer.
- Diversified Investment Options – Receive investment diversification and flexibility through a wide variety of mutual funds.
- Tax-Deferred Retirement Savings – Invest for your retirement years while paying no income taxes today. Investment earnings are tax deferred until withdrawn.
- Withdrawal Flexibility – If you’re between the ages of 59 ½ and 70 ½, you can withdraw what you need from your IRA rollover at any time without tax penalties. You will be responsible for taxes at your current tax rate on any withdrawals. After the age of 70 ½, current tax laws require you to make minimum withdrawals based on average life expectancy. Penalty exceptions are available and may be applicable to your situation.
- Exceptions to Withdrawal Penalties – One of the IRS-approved penalty exceptions is the Substantially Equal Periodic Payment Plan which allows you to take distributions based on your life expectancy and receive an income stream from your IRA rollover at any age, without incurring an early withdrawal penalty. Again, income tax at your current tax rate will be assessed.
IRA Rollover Features, Options and Reports
- Investment Selection
We offers you many investment options for your IRA rollover. Each has a specific investment objective that is designed to match your retirement planning needs. Options include domestic and international equity funds, growth and income funds, fixed income funds, and money markets funds — to name just a few. You also have the freedom to change investments within your IRA as you choose, without any tax consequence.
An IRA rollover allows you to diversify your investment by selecting two or more mutual funds for your portfolio. Such diversification also effectively reduces the risk of having all your money in a single security.
You will receive a Transaction Confirmation each time you complete a purchase, redemption, transfer or exchange. You will receive a year-to-date statement for each calendar quarter and a year-end statement after the end of each calendar year.
You can elect to have all of your shareholder account statements delivered to you in one envelope. You can also elect to view your statements electronically and decline to receive paper statements in the mail.
- Tax Reporting
Each year, you will receive reports containing information about your IRA that you will need in order to file your income tax return.
- IRA Rollover Transfers
If you have established an IRA rollover, elsewhere, you can transfer your IRA to us with no tax penalty. We will be happy to explain how to properly transfer your IRA.
Diversification does not guarantee a profit nor protect against loss.
Cash Distribution versus Rollover
While it may be tempting to cash out your assets in a former employer’s retirement plan instead of rolling them into an IRA or keeping them in your employer’s plan, the penalty is significant.
|Total in Your 401(k) Fund||$25,0001||$25,000|
|Automatic 20% Withholding||-$5,000||$0|
|Additional Federal Taxes||$1,2502||$03|
|Total Federal Tax and Penalties||$8,7504||$0|
- Does not include after-tax contributions
- Assumes marginal federal tax rate of 25 percent: 25 percent x $25,000 less $5,000 already withheld
- Taxes deferred until distribution
- In addition to federal taxes, you may owe state taxes depending on the law in your state.